Crop Genebank Knowledge Base

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Learning resources References Forage grasses references

Forage grasses references

Publications on Forage grasses 

Albrechtsen SE. 2006. Testing Methods for Seed-Transmitted Viruses: Principles and Protocols. CABI Publishing, Cambridge, USA. pp. 268.

Bogdan AV. 1977. Tropical Pasture and Fodder Plants, Longman, London.

Butler JE. 1985. Germination of Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris). Seed Science and Technology 13:583-591.

Chin HF, Hanson J. 1999. Seed storage. In: Loch DS, Ferguson J, editors. Forage Seed Production Vol. II Tropical and Subtropical Species. CABI, Wallingford, UK. pp. 303-315.

Clayton WD. 1983. Tropical grasses. In: McIvor JG, Bray RA, editors. Genetic resources of forage plants. CSIRO, Australia. pp. 39-46.

Cook BG, Pengelly BC, Brown SD, Donnelly JL, Eagles DA, Franco MA, Hanson J, Mullen BF, Partridge IJ, Peters M, Schultze-Kraft R. 2005. Tropical Forages: an interactive selection tool. ( CSIRO, DPI&F(Qld), CIAT and ILRI, Brisbane, Australia.

Fairey DT, Hampton JG, editors. 1997. Forage Seed Production, Volume 1: Temperate species. CABI publishing. 416pp.

FAO/IPGRI. 1994. Genebank standards. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome and International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome. Available in English, Spanish, French and Arabic.

Hacker B, Hanson J. 1999. Crop growth and development: reproduction. In: Loch DS, Ferguson J, editors. Forage Seed Production Vol II Tropical and Subtropical Species. CABI, Wallingford, UK. pp. 93-111.

Harty RL, Hopkinson JM, English BH, Alder J. 1983. Germination, dormancy and longevity in stored seeds of Panicum maximum. Seed Science and Technology 11:341-351.

Hayward MD, McAdam NJ. 1977. Isozyme polymorphism as a measure of distinctiveness and stability in cultivars of Lolium perenne. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenzüchtung 79:59-68.

Humphreys LR, Riveros F. 1986. Tropical Pasture Seed Production. FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper 8, FAO, Rome, Italy. 203pp.

IBPGR, CEC. 1985. Forage Grass Descriptors. International Board for Plant Genetic Resources Secretariat, Rome, Italy; Commission of European Communities Secretariat, Brussels. Available from: Date accessed: 16 Jan 2011.

ISTA. 2008. International Rules for Seed Testing. International Seed Testing Association. ISTA secretariat, CH-Switzerland. Available from:

Knight R. 1983. Mediterranean and temperate grasses. In: McIvor JG, Bray RA, editors. Genetic resources of forage plants. CSIRO, Australia. pp. 48-61.

Loch DS, Ferguson JE, editors. 1999. Forage Seed Production, Volume 2: Tropical and subtropical species. CABI publishing, UK.

Loch DS, Harding WAT, Harvey GL. 1988. Cone threshing of chaffy grass seeds to improve handling characteristics. Queensland Journal of Agricultural and Animal Sciences 45:205-212.

Maas BL, Hanson J, Robertson LD, Kerridge PC, Moneim AE. 1997. Forages. In: Fuccillo D, Sears L, Stapleton P, editors. Biodiversity in Trust. Cambridge University Press. pp. 322-348.

Maass BL, Escobar AO. 1996. Managing tropical forages field genebanks at CIAT. Paper presented at the IPGRI/SGRP/CIAT/FAO Consultation meeting on Management of Field and In Vitro Genebanks at CIAT, 15-20 January 1996. Cali, Colombia.

McIvor JG, Bray RA, editors. 1983. Genetic Resources of Forage Plants. CSIRO, Melbourne, Australia.

Nordgen. 2008. Agreement between (depositor) and the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Agriculture and Food concerning the deposit of seeds in the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. [online] The Svalbard Gloal Seed Vault, The Nordic Genetic Resource Centre, Alnarp, Sweden. Available from: Date accessed: 23 March 2010. Date accessed: 16 Jan 2011. English (1.5 MB),  Spanish (1.4 MB) and French (1.9 MB).

Plant Biosecurity, Biosecurity Australia 2000. Viruses, Phytoplasmas and Spiroplasmas of Clonal Grasses and Their Diagnosis. Consultancy report. Available from: 

Rao NK, Hanson J, Dulloo ME, Ghosh K, Nowel D, Larinde M. 2006. Manual of seed handling in genebanks. Handbooks for Genebanks No. 8. Bioversity International, Rome, Italy. Available in 

Skerman PJ, Riveros F. 1989. Tropical Grasses. FAO Plant Production and Protection Series, No. 23. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Smith RL. 1979. Seed dormancy in Panicum maximum Jacq. Tropical Agriculture 56:233-239.

Stebbins GL. 1972. The Evolution of the grass family. In: Youngner VB, McKell CM, editors. The biology and utilization of grasses. Academic Press, New York. pp 1-17.

Thormann I, Metz T, Engels JMM. 2004. The Species Compendium (release 1.0; December 2004). [online] Availabe from: Date accessed 17 Jan 2011.

Van de Wouw M, Hanson J, Nokoe S. 1999. Observation strategies for morphological characterisation of forages. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 46:63-71.

Whiteman PC, Mendra K. 1982. Effects of storage and seed treatments on germination of Brachiaria decumbens. Seed Science and Technology 10:233-242.

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